There are many types of mental disorders that are presented differently. Generally, these disorders are characterized by a combination of thoughts, perceptions, emotions, behaviors, and abnormal relationships with other people.
Based on data from the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2019, depression is the most common mental disorder.
Globally, it is estimated that more than 264 million people developed depression last year. More women are affected with this mental disorder than men. Kesehatan Jiwa
This condition is different from the usual mood fluctuations and short-term emotional responses to challenges in everyday life.
“Depression is characterized by sadness, loss of interest or pleasure, feelings of guilt or inferiority, sleep or appetite disturbances, fatigue, and poor concentration,” the WHO wrote in its official letter. Kesehatan Tubuh dan Jiwa
A depressed individual may also have many physical complaints but without an obvious physical cause. If it lasts a long time and is of moderate or severe intensity, depression can be serious health.
This condition can be prolonged or recurrent. Depression substantially interferes with a sufferer’s ability to function at work and other activities.
“The most severe depression can cause suicide. Nearly 800,000 people die of suicide every year. This is the second cause of death for ages 15 to 29 years,” continued the WHO. Kesehatan Tubuh
There are several treatment options for depression, ranging from talk therapy such as cognitive behavioral therapy or psychotherapy.
For medication, antidepressants can also be an effective form of treatment for moderate to severe depression. However, it is not the first-line treatment for mild depression.
Antidepressants also cannot be taken by children and are not the first-line treatment for adolescents with depression.
Treatment for depression should also cover psychosocial aspects, including identifying stress factors, such as financial problems, difficulties at work or physical or mental abuse. Sources of support, such as family and friends, also need to be known for sufferers. vitamin dan suplemen