Green mustard or also known as caisim is a plant that has the scientific name Brassica rapa var. parachinensis. This plant is usually processed as an ingredient. The texture is crunchy and tender, perfect for cooking in soup, stir-fry, or boiled with noodles. Kesehatan Jiwa
Mustard greens come from , according to a publication from the University of Florida. In Mandarin, caisim is called “caixin” which means “heart of cabbage.” This vegetable has been widely cultivated in southern China for more than 1,000 years. Kesehatan Tubuh
Not only as a food ingredient, mustard greens also have various benefits. The content of mustard greens per 100 grams according to the Directorate of Community Nutrition includes:
- Calories: 22.00 k.
- Protein: 2.30 g.
- Fat: 0.30 g.
- : 4.00 g.
- Fiber: 1.20 g.
- Calcium (Ca): 220.50 mg.
- Phosphorus(p): 38.40 mg.
- Iron(Fe): 2.90 mg.
- Vitamin A: 969.00 SI.
- Vitamin B1: 0.09 mg.
- Vitamin B2: 0.10 mg.
- Vitamin B3: 0.70 mg.
- Vitamin C: 102.00 mg.
Mustard greens are rich in folate (Vitamin B9) and carotenoids, and contain high levels of sulfur compounds that may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and some cancers, according to a publication in the “Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 58 (11)” Kesehatan Tubuh dan Jiwa
Steaming mustard greens can increase the antioxidant content almost three times compared to raw mustard greens. The content is very good for the body.
- Mustard Greens are a Source of Vitamin A
Mustard greens are a good source of vitamin A. Based on research published in the November 1994 issue of “The Journal of the American Medical Association”, vitamin A intake can reduce eye macular degeneration. vitamin dan supleme
Therefore, green mustard which is rich in vitamin A can improve eye health and prevent cataracts, macular degeneration and glaucoma. Not only that, vitamin A also plays a role in improving the health of the respiratory tract, urinary tract, and intestines.
2 Useful for Preventing Cancer
Mustard greens are included in the category of cruciferous vegetables or cruciferous vegetables, namely vegetables from the Brassicaceae family with many genera, species, and cultivars that are cultivated for food production.
It contains glucosinolates. According to a study in the “European Journal of Nutrition”, the glucosinolates in cruciferous vegetables are broken down to form biologically active compounds such as indoles, nitriles, thiocyanates, and isothiocyanates.
Studies in animals and experiments with cells in the laboratory have identified several potential mustard greens that can help prevent cancer, namely:
- Helps protect cells from DNA damage.
- Deactivates carcinogens.
- Has an antiviral and antibacterial effect.
- Has an anti-inflammatory effect.
- Induces cell death (apoptosis).
- Inhibits tumor blood vessel formation (angiogenesis) and tumor cell migration (necessary for metastasis).
3 Mustard Greens Contain Folate for Pregnant Women
The efficacy of mustard greens for pregnant women lies in the folate content. According to the Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries publication, mustard greens are rich in folate. Folate, or , is a type of B vitamin that is important in the formation of red blood cells and for healthy cell growth and function. Folic acid also plays an important role in the prevention of birth defects and miscarriages.